Mandiri Indonesia
Makhampom Bangkok, Thai
Body Phase Studio Taipei, Taiwan
unit OM-2 Tokyo, Japan
Zinjanthropusboisei Tokyo, Japan
DAEM Tokyo, Japan
@ "Mandiri" IIndonesia
..Top. @ Teater Mandiri was established in 1971 in Jakarta. Its core members consist of a few employees of TEMPO, a weekly magazine based in Jakarta. "Mandiri" is javanese for self-sufficient, independent, able to stand on one's feet, not dependent on others but at the same time capable of working in a team.

Initially Teater Mandiri confined its production to plays for the television. In 1974 it started to perform its first long play on the stage, named ADUH (OUGHT - written and directed by Putu Wijaya) at Pusat Kesenian Jakarta, TIM (Jakarta Centre of the Arts). Thereafter, it has performed plays every year, all which are written and directed by Putu Wijaya. In 1991, Teater Mandiri performed "YEL" in four cities in the United State (Connecticcut, New York, Cal Art an Seatle). In 1995, Yel also performed in Brunei, Darussalam. In 2000, Teater Mandiri for the first time, worked on a non Putu Wijaya's piece, called "The Coffin Is To Big For The Hole (written by Kuo Pao Kun, Singapura). The Coffin has jointed Asia Theater Festival, in Tokyo, (Singapura and BITEF festival, Belgrade).

By the end of 2000, Teater Mandiri has performed the following Plays: "Aught", "Anu". "Lho", "Entah", Zero", Hum-Pim-Pah", "Blong", "Mad", "Bang", "Beware", "Los", "Wouw", "Roar", "Zat", "Shit", "Front", "Aib", "Gosh", "Yel", "Dor" (2nd version), "Aum" (2nd version), "Wouw" (2nd version), "Bang-Bang-Bang", "Bor", "Ngeh", "Cheos" and "The Coffin".
Top TONTONAN (spectacle) Teater mandiri named its performance a "tontonan" (spectacle, happening). As it is with folk or traditional theater in Indonesia, in particular in Bali, "tontonan" is en event and at the same time a ritual. Teater Mandiri consciously tries to develop modern Indonesian Theater from the roots of traditional theaters is developed and empowered as contemporary instruments to express actual problems.

Literally, "tontonan" means everything that can be enjoyed through the eyes. Hence, a performance tends towards visual forms, it does not have to consist of dialogues, stories with plots, charactres, conflicts and moral messages. "Tontonan" is a chain of events without limits, that can provide spiritual experience to the actors and the audience. Teater Mandiri believe that theater ia a spiritual expression so it has to create a spiritual experience deep there in every audience bottom heart.

"Tontonan" is a personal expression that counts the audience as part of the performers of events. Theater becomes then a sort of collective meditation, not an entertainment, although it can be entertain. Heater tend to become a contemplation and an essay on fundamental aspects of life. Hence, it floats. It has no country, religion, or idiology. It is tied nor to money nor time. It moves in a universal sphere. It ties not itself to laws of the stage and performing arts.

The supporters of "tontonan" are not necessarily an actor. What is need is a person who is physically and spiritually committed (trained) to work together in a team. The "activist" of Teater Mandiri, like special task forces in a war, make all kind of efforts to create a spiritual wandering. They are multifunctional. They go in and out of they roles as free as necessity required. Sometimes they portrait a character, sometime they merely represent certain emotions, many times merely as forms asingredients to form a picture composition which depict an event. Sometimes too, they become stage-hands, who help rearange stage props right in the full vieuw of the audience.

Anything at all that can help to express the targets aimed at, is mobilised/empowered/maximalized. Teater Mandiri does not try to make the audience believe that what is taking place on the stage is true, or something real. In fact, in the contrary, it always reminds the audience, that all that is taking place on stage is only a fake spectacle. What is important is its reflection, spiritual experience which all the false and fake scenes stir in the heart of the audience.

The so called approach to the theater such as "the inner acting" in Stanilavski's theory of acting, for example, are used only if advantageous, and will be violated head-on without feeling guilty, if there are other things that are more important. Because of this kind of approach to the theatre, Teater Mandiri performes theatrical texts which are purposely written only for itself to perform.

Text are written on the basis of preliminary rehearsals, in conformance with the personalities, physical aspects, and abilities of the team's supportes. Text are not sacred. They are but a first step in a process. What is happening within the process, that will be determining factor. Teater Mandiri is a team which venerates process. Teater Mandiri is a process-oriented group.

Rehearsal of Teater Mandiri are very special. All rehearsal are a continuing development. Every day is a different day. Every one must be absolutly attend rehearsal, which once started will go on till it is considered sufficient and can be ended. Absences will affect the performance but will non cancelled it. For if somebody is absent, he will be immediately replaced by another who trains not only to play his part, but also to play the part of the person who is absent. "Tontonan" is something that lives, it grows and slowly becomes mature within itself.
MENTAL TERROR The target of Teater Mandiri is "mental terror". It aims to shake and shock the inner life of the audience, that they are forced to reconsider all that have been considered well established. This kind of approach tries to achieve by looking at things from various points of views. By turning logic upside down. By performing all kinds of acts which are anti-theatre in nature. Breaking up emotions with sudden, shocking turning. Making fun of empathy which receives such high respect from the theatre of realism.

Not to distance the theatre from empathy, nor reality, but precisely to invigorate it to go deeper, using inverted ways. Exploring the world of myths, dreams, fantasies and imaginations as free as possible. It is hoped that all those subversive strategies will enliven the spirit of the audience, will make them react that they are moved to re-verify decisions, conclusions, understandings, and in fact their believes. But it should be stressed that Teater Mandiri has no desire at all to give prescriptions, not to mention to try to inspire tha audience to choose particular attitudes.

Teater Mandiri tries to see to a fact that theatrical performance is not merely an atrractive spectacle, not merely a display of technical mastery. Teater Mandiri is an effort to achieve spiritual equilibrium. Equilibrium for individual, and collective equilibrium for the society. A theatrical performance is a social theraphy for humanity. Hence, social problems encountered in everyday life and reported in the mass media, radio, television, as well as other universal human phenomena, become the main sources of inspirations. Those are the basic themes and moral messages for the agenda.

All those familiar things, it is hoped, will be able to act as a bridge to bring the audience to a new situation, to a new state of mine, an inner experience that hopely might enriches their lives.

Top DEPARTING FROM WHAT EXISTS To produce a "tontonan", Teater Mandiri uses the following formula:"To start from what exists", meaning to begin from what ever avaliable on hands, then to optimise and then to used the optimised sources for expression. Frequently the results are surprising, strange, againts the curents, sometimes confusing, foolish, dumb, but also at the same time very fantastic, unique an original.

This is not an axaltation of poverty or difficullt position. It is taking advantage of opportunities. Emotional acrobatic that turns poverty into superiority. It is to prevent the theatre from becoming mere technical manipulations or entertaining attractions. It is an invitation to participate in a creative wandering.

As an example, for costumes, Teater Mandiri always creating all used matyerials, things which are no longer worth a dime. It uses remnants of banners. Props are made of discarded and forgotten materials in warehouse. Any props that need to be specially b uilt will be creat by the actors themselves, each one doing what he/she can do best. The simplicity of costums, props and settings does not effect the vakues to echieved at all. Conviction and artistic endeavour make all those discared materials something special under the flood of lighting on stage, under the casts believed, and this is emerged because they are created by the miracle of emotional events and faith of the actors themselves.
What then emerge are fresh surprises. Teater Mandiri is a theatre of surprises, a theater of wonder. A theater of impossible and unbelievable. A bad dream.


The membership of Teater Mandiri selects itself. Who ever want to join, as long as he/she is willing to participate fully in the tough and exhausting rehearsal process is welcome. The member of Teater Mandiri came from all walks of life. This group is a net of mixsalad and rubbish.

There are former thieves who have justcame out of prison, labourers, studens, young executive, and also movie stars. Among the members of Teater Mandiri, there are illiterate ones. Some are phisically deformed and boast a number of "odd specialities". All that strange are empowered to turn them into strength.
Although coming from various strata of the society, all members of Teater Mandiri form a family in which all are equal. All of them without exeption, in addition to acting, undertake all activities pertaining to theatrical performance: stage work, finding finacial support, designing and making properties, publications, selling tickets, etc.

Teater Mandiri, more than anything else, is a community with a spiritual leader which tries to motivates people to strive for an independent living. But it holds no formal discussions nor introduces formal learning process. Everything is achieved through working together in a theaterical performance project. Through physical activities, all interactions slowly become a spiritual process.
Jakarta, 2001

"CHAO LOR returns" is a 60-minute play performed by six artists from the Makhampom Theatre Company. The play is strongly dance and music based with minimal dialogue in Thai and English. Makhampom perform a style of theatre, which adapts traditional dance, music, and story into a contemporary theatre form targeted for young audiences in Thailand. This production of "CHAO LOR returns" has been devised for foreign audiences to respond to language limitations and is a predominantly physical theatre piece supported by live acoustic music and recorded music, strong physical imagery, vocal chant and song.
"CHAO LOR returns" has been adapted from a ancient Thai northern folktale "PRA LOR" to address drug issues. It was performed by six artists and six musicians in 20 slum areas in Bangkok in 1994 drawing strong feed back from the local audience. This time "CHAO LOR returns" will be re-staged with a new design and some new interpretations to reflect the update situation.
"CHAO LOR returns" is performed in a horse-shoe shaped staging to an audience which can surround the stage on three sides. It is designed to be an intimate performance allowing for audience interaction. The performance will be immediately followed by a forum with the audience to address the issues and concerns raised within the play and reflect on the similarities and differences in the Japanese and Thai contexts.
Top Technical details Acting area: 7 x 5 metres
Lighting: 2 Channel Board
16 Par Cans :-4 Whites, 4 Blues, 4 Reds, 4 Yellows
Sound : Boom microphones
1 CD player
Synopsis of CHAO LOR returns CHAO LOR is a young prince who loves fighting and adventure like other teenage gangsters, he must soon rule the MANSUANG Kingdom after the death of his father . But people worry that he will be a bad King(violent, playboy, no responsibility). In fact CHAO LOR is gentle and has his own dreams inspired by Purn and Pang two princesses of the SORNG Kingdom, the enemy of the MANSUANG Kingdom. But he can't tell anybody even his mother, as she never trust him (his mother loves him so much but they always fight).
POO CHAO, The powerful wizard who works for SRONG Kingdom created a magic gum called "SALA HERN", he commanded his slave ghosts to feed SALA HERN to CHAO LOR.Then when CHAO LOR was under the control of POO CHAO, he become more aggressive . The Queen asked the black magicians for help but CHAO LOR returned to SALA HERN, hit his mother and ran away from the palace with his two close friends KAEW and KWAN.
CHAO LOR came to the GALONG river which is the border of the MANSUANG and SRONG Kingdom KAEW tried to stop him while KWAN supported him, WHAT should CHAO LOR do?
Again, POO CHAO created a powerful magic chicken "KAI KAEW" to lead CHAO LOR to the SRONG Kingdom , KAEW couldn't stop CHAO LOR. Eevery time he took more SALA HERN to be more brave, he was drawn to the SRONG Kingdom gate(the gate of the dead !) where he meet PURN andPANG.
But the two princesses were disappointed in CHAO LOR. He was too weak, uncertain and without self-control. CHAIO LOR promised to start his new life BUT IT WAS TOO LATE. He died with his hopes and his dreamsc
Top MAKHAMPOM TEAM WORK Tour Manager / Technique Co-ordinator
Artistic Director / Actor Mr.PRADIT PRASARTTHONG
Top MAKHAMPOM The Makhampom Theatre Group of the Grassroots Micro MediaProject was founded in 1981. In the year 2000, Makhampom celebrated 20 years of community and professional cultural development.

In a Community cultural development context Makhampom has worked primarily with children and youth from village or urban poor communities but also with communities across generations, with special interest groups and the general public. Makhampom builds grass roots links with communities through theatre workshop programs. Theatre productions, training, and information activities often complement the workshop programs. These programs have addressed various social problems and issues in Thai society, including democracy, child prostitution, natural resources and environmental preservation, AIDS, drug abuse and sex education.
The Makhampom Theatre Group is also well recognised as a popular performance company in Thailand and internationally. Professional cultural activities include training programs for community activists, NGO workers, educators, government officials, and information exchange through local and international networks. Major performance productions have included national tours campaigning on issues of peace, underage sex and pregnancy, drug abuse and AIDS. Internationally, activities have included performance collaborations, workshops, seminars and training activities throughout the Asia-Pacific region; and a production based on issues of child prostitution in Thailand that toured England, Germany, and Australia.


@ @ @
@  Body Phase Studio   Taiwan
@ @ Profile of Mo-lin Wang
@ @ Wang was a graduate of film and theatre studies from Zheng Zhan School.
He went to study Japanese literature in Chuo University, Tokyo.

He worked as journalist in the journal " Ren Jian" He wrote a lot of
critics on theatre works and a few books, like: " The Directors andtheir Works",@"Chinese Film and Theatre", " Body and urban theatre".

The Taiwanese small theatre movement gained its momentum since the 1980s.@Wang is all time, long lasting figure among various theatre groups. He went through various controversial discourse and debates with most of
the theatre activities in Taiwan. One of his works was in 1988, he
organized a performance synchronized with the ritual practices of natives
on the Orchid Island where the government placed nuclear wastes to the
land of the aboriginal people live. He called that "action theatre " which
got certain social impact on some issues during the martial rule period.

Wang saw many element of the Taiwaness theatre were part of the resistance
culture in the civil movement. Wang has long been associated with the "
Theatre of Critical Point" where his recent work, the "Black Hole" also
performed with them. In Taipei, he also managed the Body Phase Studio, a
place specially for performing arts.